Liver Cancer

Explore advanced liver cancer treatment options available in China.

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Liver cancer, medically known as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the liver. The liver, a large organ located in the upper right portion of the abdomen, plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, including metabolism, detoxification, and nutrient storage. When cells in the liver undergo abnormal changes and start to grow uncontrollably, they can form cancerous tumors.

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer, typically originating from hepatocytes, the main type of liver cell. However, there are other less common types of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, which begins in the bile ducts within the liver, and hepatoblastoma, which primarily affects children.

It’s important to note that liver cancer can also occur as a result of cancer spreading (metastasizing) to the liver from other parts of the body. In such cases, the cancer is referred to as metastatic liver cancer, named after the organ where it originated. For instance, metastatic colon cancer refers to cancer that originated in the colon but has spread to the liver.

Liver cancer is a serious condition that can lead to significant health complications if not detected and treated early. Symptoms of liver cancer may include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), swelling in the abdomen, and fatigue. Diagnosis typically involves imaging tests, such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, as well as blood tests and sometimes a liver biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer.

Treatment options for liver cancer depend on various factors, including the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the location and size of the tumor. Treatment may include surgery, liver transplantation, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches. Early detection and prompt treatment can improve the chances of successful outcomes for individuals with liver cancer.

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